Robots and other machines take over tasks from human workers. This development has been going on for a long time, but the corona pandemic has made things a lot faster. Corona forces every company to digitize and embrace new techniques.
85 million jobs gone, 97 million jobs added
Robotization and automation will inevitably cost jobs. Worldwide, around 85 million jobs, according to the WEF.
But new technologies also create jobs: 97 million new jobs. So there is more employment at the bottom of the line, but the question is whether everyone who sees their job disappearing has the right skills for the labor market of the future.
“Employees, or at least some of them, are expected to have different skills and knowledge that are in line with the digital age,” says researcher Henk Volberda, professor of strategic management at the University of Amsterdam and involved in the study of the World Economic Forum.
Easy to standardize
Especially work that is easy to standardize will disappear, Volberda explains. “Especially administrative tasks, office workers, call center workers, secretaries, all of that will be done by chatbots,” he says.
“Factory employees, data entry specialists, people who operate machines, that will also be automated”, Volberda continues.
According to the WEF, half of the working population has to go back to school. “And not just any online course, 40 percent of the core tasks must be renewed. That really requires a structural investment,” says Volberda.
New jobs have well-known names such as machine learning expert, information security specialist, renewable energy engineer and drone traffic controller. As an ex-call center employee, write a good cover letter for that.
The changes are indeed ‘quite intense’, admits Volberda. “If we do not do anything about retraining and further training, a dichotomy will arise. Well-trained people, who are scarce, can claim good terms of employment.”
“On the other hand, many more people will look for jobs in the more low-quality services: meal deliverers, hairdressers, taxi drivers. That puts pressure on their employment conditions. And that is mainly at the bottom of the labor market,” he says.
*The article has been translated based on the content of Source link by https://www.rtlnieuws.nl/economie/life/artikel/5191660/wef-future-jobs-report-2020-henk-volberda
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